We are located in the east part of Sierra Morena and close to Sierra de Andújar Natural Park. This territory counts with a huge ecological value and contains in its dehesas and pine forests, in its rivers and crags 53% of the amphibians, 20% of the fishes, 39% of the mammals and 48% of the birds that we can find in Spain, the country with highest biodiversity in Europe.
Here we can find an excellent example of the Mediterranean forest. From the 196 meters of altitude in the river Jándula, main arteria that dies in the river Guadalquivir, to the Sierra de Quintana and its half mountain risks with 1291 meters we can find an ecosystem mosaic formed by shady river forests passing through dehesas with holm and cork oaks as main characters, gall oak claims its protagonism in higher places with more humidity to repopulations of stone pine, that gives shelter to multitude of forestall birds. As a result we obtain the typical landscape of Sierra Morena, with knolled and soft profiles.
Located in this peculiar territory we find the Ecological reserve “El Altozano”, with approximately 66 ha. This private state is dominated mainly by holm oaks in an adehesada way accompanied by patches of the main species of autochthone shrubs like mastic tree, kermes oak, rockrose and strawberry tee in a landscape always splattered with large granitic rocks locally called bolos. This biotope serves as habitat in benefit of many species, a lot of them threatened, like the Iberian lynx or the Iberian Imperial eagle.
In the reserve we can also find a dense forest of stone pine which is transited by a large number of forestall birds, this forest comes from different repopulations that took place in the mid-20th century. A seasonal water course flows across this land and serves as shelter by many species of amphibians.
With sights of the Virgen de la Cabeza Sanctuary and the Jándula shrine this seems to be a perfect spot to get to know the Mediterranean forest, its odor and sounds, and the main characters that live in it in an exclusive way. Low population density in this area gives the environment a night gift; its sky presents the stars in such a pure state that has induced UNESCO to protect it.